What Is Eco Light?
The advantage of LED lamps is clear: they have high luminous efficacy and last extremely long. Overall, the LED lamp uses around 80% less energy than the conventional light bulb. Also, the LED lamp reaches the correct brightness immediately after switching on.
However, the LED lamp currently has one disadvantage: It is the most expensive alternative to the light bulb. However, if you consider the savings in electricity costs due to LED lamps and their service life, the investment is worthwhile in most cases.
Energy saving lamps - problematic transitional solution
Energy-saving lamps convert only 25% of the energy into light. Energy-saving lamps can save up to 28 million tons of CO2 per year - a considerable amount that justifies the EU ban on incandescent bulbs. However, many problems have now become known. Energy-saving lamps emit substances that belong to the phenols and cresols class and cause cancer. Besides, styrene, naphthalene and aldehydes, which can irritate mucous membranes and conjunctiva, were measured. Manufacturers must identify the sources and change the manufacture of the lamps so that they no longer produce toxic substances in regular operation.
Another problem: energy-saving lamps still contain small amounts of mercury. If the energy lamp breaks, the harmful heavy metal distributes in the room. The following applies here: open the windows and doors very quickly and ventilate the place well. Children, in particular, should not get too close to the broken glass. It is also not advisable to use a vacuum cleaner, as this distributes the mercury in the room. Better to use a broom and shovel. However, silicone-covered energy-saving lamps do not splinter when they fall and are therefore not quite as dangerous. Unfortunately, the EU directive forgot consumer protection. The packaging should be legibly warned of mercury and electrosmog.
Discarded energy-saving lamps are particular waste and should be disposed of accordingly. Currently, they have to be taken back. This effort for the consumer means that only 10% of the energy-saving lamps are properly disposed of; the rest ends up in household waste. Dispensing points or containers are therefore required in everyday surroundings to ensure that the mercury does not get into the environment. A deposit on the lights would also increase the return considerably.
As long as energy-saving lamps contain substances that are harmful or hazardous to health, Greenpeace recommends LED bulbs. However, proper disposal must also be ensured for these.
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